Activate an optimized version of the page designed specifically for screen readers.
Outdated browsers can expose your computer to security risks. To ensure a secure experience, we recommend updating to the latest browser version. Support for this browser version will soon be discontinued.




My name is Cristel Antonia Russell and I am a professor at American University in Washington, DC.  The aim of the research is to assess your experiences in the military and with the AMVETS.  To partake in this survey requires that you are a current member of the AMVETS.


The survey should take approximately 5-10 minutes of your time.  Your participation in the research is purely voluntary and you can refuse to participate at any time.  You may also refuse to answer specific survey questions.  Your answers are absolutely anonymous and no unique identifying information is requested or collected by other means.  Your responses cannot be linked back to you as an individual and the results will be analyzed together with that of hundreds of other participants.  There are no risks and/or discomforts expected from your participation in this survey.  However, some participants may experience distress due to answering questions related to their military service.  If this occurs, please cease completing the survey.  Also, as a veteran, you might be eligible for care through the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA); please call the VA should you desire assistance: 800-273-8255 (press option 1).


There are no right or wrong answers to the questions.  Please answer the questions honestly by selecting the most relevant answers.  Again, this survey is completely anonymous.  If you have questions or concerns during the time of your participation in this study, or after its completion, please contact me at:  Thank you again for participating in this research.



Cristel A. Russell, Ph.D.


Please indicate your agreement (or disagreement) with the conditions specified above:

Survey Powered By Qualtrics